|Title : Pharmacovigilance and Indian System of Medicine An Overview|
|Authors : bhuwal ram,sanjeev kumar,k.n dwivedi|
Ayurveda- the science of life is oldest repository of medical sciences of ancient India. It has two basic objects i.e. maintenance of health and cure of disorders, for this purpose number of herbal drugs are used. It is a popular perception prevailing throughout the globe that, the traditional systems of medicine (Ayurveda, Siddha, or Unani) do not produce any adverse effect, but today it is not truth. In present scenario, increased globalization of these systems have been raised concerns about safety, efficacy and acceptability of Ayurvedic products. Standardization of drugs means confirmation of its identity and determination of its quality and purity. To tackle these concerns, a system like pharmacovigilance is needed to be established considering this, Department of AYUSH, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi has launched Pharmacovigilance programme for Ayurved, Siddha, and Unani medicines. The present article will provide a brief outlook for standardization and pharmacovigilance concerning Ancient and Modern views.
|Keywords : Pharmacovigilance , Standardization , Safety , Efficacy , Indian System of Medicine|
|Title : Evaluating the Antibacterial Potential of Vitis vinifera and Punica granatum fruit peels|
|Authors : R Jasmine,K Manikandan|
From time immemorial, people valued fruits as a good source of nutrition, but only the edible portions were used and the outer peels were discarded as wastes. Many of the fruits and vegetables skins are still thrown in the garbage or fed to livestock. The peels of fruits and vegetables and their by-products are formed in great amounts during industrial processing, and cause serious concern, since they accumulate as wastes and pollute the environment. Hence, such wastes need to be managed and/or utilized. On the other hand, they are very rich in bioactive components, which are considered to have a therapeutic value. Hence, efforts have been made to find ways to reuse fruits and vegetables wastes. Using this agro waste therapeutically is a new idea which is slowly gaining popularity. They are high value products and their recovery will be economically attractive. These are novel, natural, eco friendly and economic sources of antimicrobials, which can be used in the prevention of diseases caused by pathogenic microbes and also reduce pollution. Hence this pilot study was undertaken to screen the peels of five commonly used fruits for antibacterial activity against a few clinical strains. The results indicate that the peels can be used and further investigated as sources of antimicrobials.
|Keywords : Antibacterial , peels , antioxidant|